Giant's Causeway National Nature Reserve Ireland

Giant’s Causeway is a National Nature Reserve (NNR) in Northern Ireland. It is the result of a volcanic eruption and a great geological curiosity. It comprises some 40,000 interlocking basalt columns, formed by cooled molten lava, many hexagonal in shape, giving it a unique honeycomb appearance. The tops of the columns form steppingstones that lead to the sea. It is one of the top tourist attractions in Ireland, widely photographed, and has featured prominently in literature and folklore.

Giant's Causeway National Nature Reserve Ireland
Giant's Causeway National Nature Reserve Ireland

Giant's Causeway National Nature Reserve Ireland Summary

  • Attraction: Giant’s Causeway
  • Country: Ireland
  • Continent: Europe
  • Capital Name: Dublin
  • Language: English and Irish (Gaelic)

Tell us about Giant's Causeway National Nature Reserve Ireland


It is situated on the east coast of Northern Ireland, in the Causeway Coast and Glens area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. It is made up of some 40,000 hexagonal basalt columns that are the result of a geological phenomenon known as ‘columnar jointing’. About 50-60 million years ago, molten lava from volcanoes in the region cooled and contracted, causing it to fracture into polygonal columns. Over time, these columns were subjected to weathering and erosion, resulting in their present hexagonal formation.


The Giant’s Causeway has long been shrouded in myth and legend. According to legend, the causeway was constructed by the Irish giant, Fionn mac Cumhaill (Finn McCool) as a causeway connecting Scotland and Ireland, so he and his Scottish rival could battle. This legend has also been adapted into local publications, such as the popular children’s book Finn McCool and the Giant’s Causeway.

The earliest historical accounts date back to 1693, when it was first visited by English antiquarian Sir Richard Bulkeley. In the 18th century, it gained prominence due to the visits of numerous visitors and because of the writings of Anglo-Irish naturalist Sir Joseph Banks. In 1986, it was the first site in Northern Ireland to be declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.


The Giant’s Causeway is a protected area, managed by the National Trust for Northern Ireland. The organization promotes the conservation of the unique geological features as well as its associated flora and fauna through research, public education campaigns and public access regulations.

In 1978, the Giant’s Causeway Visitor Centre was opened to enhance visitor understanding of the site and ensure the protection of its unique features. The visitor centre includes various interactive displays, a short film detailing the site’s history and the benefits of becoming a National Trust member.


Giant’s Causeway is one of the most iconic natural wonders in the world. It is made up of 40,000 interlocking basalt columns, formed by cooled molten lava, many hexagonal in shape, giving it a unique honeycomb appearance. Not only is it a great spectacle to behold, but it also has a rich history and mythology rooted in local folklore and literature.

Its stunning beauty has captivated the hearts of thousands of visitors and continues to do so today. Its conservation is paramount, which is why the National Trust for Northern Ireland manages the area and operates the Giant’s Causeway Visitor Centre.

What to do in Giant's Causeway National Nature Reserve Ireland?

Things to do in Giant’s Causeway National Nature Reserve Ireland:

  1. Explore the Giant’s Causeway’s iconic hexagonal columns, the result of an ancient volcanic eruption.
  2. Take a guided tour of the nature reserve to learn more about the geological features and the wildlife that inhabits the area.
  3. Climb the basalt columns at the end of the reserve, known as the Giant’s Boot.
  4. Walk the Shepherd’s Steps across to explore the headlands of the reserve.
  5. Enjoy coastal walks along the Wild Atlantic Way.
  6. Check out the Carrick-a-Rede rope bridge, locate to the east of the national reserve.
  7. Visit the nearby Dunluce Castle, the seat of the ancient McQuillan family.
  8. Explore the nearby attractions, including the Glens of Antrim and the Bushmills Distillery.
  9. Relax at Mussenden Temple, a romantic folly built in 1785 on the cliff top.
  10. Visit the Giant’s Causeway Visitor Centre to find out about the history and geology of the area.

What are best foods at Giant's Causeway National Nature Reserve Ireland?

Some of the best foods at Giant’s Causeway National Nature Reserve Ireland include:

  1. Irish Lamb Stew
  2. Beef Pie
  3. Traditional Irish Soda Bread
  4. Tandoori Chicken Skewers
  5. Guinness Lamb Stew
  6. Seafood Chowder
  7. Buttermilk Pancakes
  8. Smoked Salmon
  9. Traditional Irish Stew
  10. Shepherd’s Pie

What are best hotels to stay in Giant's Causeway National Nature Reserve, Ireland?

The best hotels to stay in Giant’s Causeway National Nature Reserve Ireland:

  1. Ballycastle Beach Hotel
  2. Galgorm Castle
  3. Bushmills Inn
  4. Adair Arms Hotel
  5. Londonderry Armagh Hotel
  6. Glenavon Hotel
  7. Neptune Hotel
  8. Milk Post
  9. Knoery Guesthouse
  10. Bushfoot House

What is the next Ireland tourist destination?

After immersing in the wonders of Ireland, elevate your exploration with our curated guide to the next must-visit tourist destination. Click below to unveil the next chapter in your journey, where captivating landscapes, rich cultures, and extraordinary experiences await. Continue the adventure beyond with new destinations and experiences. Let the journey unfold and captivate your senses. Explore now!

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Frequently Asked Questions: Your Guide to Giant's Causeway, Ireland

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What are Giant's Causeway's must-visit attractions or landmarks?

The Giant’s Causeway itself is the primary attraction, known for its unique and stunning natural formation of hexagonal basalt columns. However, within the Giant’s Causeway site, there are specific features and areas that visitors may find particularly interesting:

  1. The Grand Causeway: This is the main area where the hexagonal basalt columns are most concentrated, creating a fascinating and surreal landscape. Take a stroll along the columns and marvel at the natural wonder.
  2. The Giant’s Boot: One of the basalt columns resembles a giant’s boot, adding a touch of whimsy to the geological formations. It’s a fun spot for photos and speculation about the mythical giants.
  3. The Amphitheatre: A semicircular formation of columns, known as the Amphitheatre, offers a unique perspective of the natural symmetry and beauty of the causeway.
  4. The Organ: A set of columns that resembles organ pipes, the Organ is another intriguing feature within the Giant’s Causeway. It’s an example of the diverse shapes created by the volcanic activity.
  5. The Camel’s Hump: This is a larger, dome-shaped formation of basalt columns, and its unique appearance makes it stand out among the other geological features.
  6. The Wishing Chair: A large basalt throne-like structure, the Wishing Chair is a popular spot for visitors to sit and take in the surroundings. According to local legend, wishes made while sitting on the chair will come true.
  7. Port Noffer: This is the site where visitors can see the Causeway stones from a higher vantage point, offering breathtaking views of the columns and the coastline.
  8. Giant’s Causeway Visitor Centre: While not a natural feature, the visitor center provides valuable information about the geological history of the site. It’s a good starting point for understanding the formation of the Giant’s Causeway.

Beyond the Giant’s Causeway site, the Causeway Coast offers additional attractions and landmarks, as mentioned in a previous response. Exploring the surrounding areas provides a comprehensive experience of the natural beauty and cultural richness of Northern Ireland’s Causeway Coast.

What are Giant's Causeway's nearby must-visit attractions or landmarks?

The Giant’s Causeway is located along the stunning Causeway Coast in Northern Ireland, and there are several nearby must-visit attractions and landmarks that enhance the overall experience. Here are some notable places to explore in the vicinity:

  1. Carrick-a-Rede Rope Bridge: A short drive from the Giant’s Causeway, Carrick-a-Rede Rope Bridge offers a thrilling experience. The rope bridge spans a 30-meter-wide chasm, providing stunning views of the surrounding coastline.
  2. Bushmills Distillery: Located in the nearby town of Bushmills, the Old Bushmills Distillery is one of the oldest licensed distilleries in the world. Take a guided tour to learn about the whiskey-making process and sample some of their renowned products.
  3. Dunluce Castle: Perched on the edge of a cliff overlooking the Atlantic Ocean, Dunluce Castle is a medieval ruin with a fascinating history. Explore the castle’s grounds and enjoy panoramic views of the coastline.
  4. Ballintoy Harbor: This picturesque harbor is known for its charming setting and was featured in the television series “Game of Thrones.” The rugged coastline and small fishing harbor make it a delightful stop for visitors.
  5. White Park Bay: A beautiful sandy beach nestled between limestone cliffs, White Park Bay offers a serene setting for a relaxing stroll or a picnic. It’s a short drive from the Giant’s Causeway.
  6. Dark Hedges: Famous for its avenue of beech trees, the Dark Hedges is an atmospheric location that gained popularity through its appearance in “Game of Thrones.” The tree-lined road creates a unique and enchanting atmosphere.
  7. Portrush: A vibrant coastal town, Portrush offers a lively atmosphere with its shops, restaurants, and attractions. It’s a great place to unwind after exploring the natural wonders of the Causeway Coast.
  8. Mussenden Temple: Located in the grounds of Downhill Demesne, Mussenden Temple is a neoclassical structure perched on the edge of a cliff. The temple offers stunning views of the Atlantic Ocean and the coastline.
  9. Ballycastle: A charming seaside town, Ballycastle is a gateway to Rathlin Island and an ideal starting point for exploring the Causeway Coast. Enjoy the local atmosphere and explore nearby attractions.
  10. Rathlin Island: Accessible by ferry from Ballycastle, Rathlin Island is a tranquil escape with scenic landscapes, wildlife, and historic sites, including the West Light Seabird Centre.

Exploring these nearby attractions alongside the Giant’s Causeway provides a well-rounded experience, showcasing the natural beauty, history, and cultural richness of the Causeway Coast in Northern Ireland.

Why should you visit Giant's Causeway?

The Giant’s Causeway is a unique and breathtaking natural wonder, making it a compelling destination for visitors. Here are several reasons why you should consider visiting the Giant’s Causeway:

  1. Natural Beauty: The Giant’s Causeway is renowned for its stunning and otherworldly landscapes. The hexagonal basalt columns create a dramatic and picturesque setting along the Northern Ireland coastline.
  2. UNESCO World Heritage Site: The site holds the prestigious designation of being a UNESCO World Heritage Site, recognizing its outstanding geological and natural significance.
  3. Geological Wonder: The Giant’s Causeway is a geological marvel formed by volcanic activity around 50 to 60 million years ago. The result is a fascinating display of perfectly formed hexagonal basalt columns.
  4. Legend of Finn McCool: The site is steeped in mythology and folklore, particularly the legend of Finn McCool, an Irish giant. According to legend, the Giant’s Causeway was built by Finn McCool as a causeway to Scotland.
  5. Unique Photo Opportunities: The distinctive and symmetrical columns provide a fantastic backdrop for photography enthusiasts. The interlocking hexagons create a visually striking and memorable scene.
  6. Coastal Walks: The Giant’s Causeway is part of the Causeway Coast and Glens, offering opportunities for scenic coastal walks. Explore the cliffs and enjoy panoramic views of the North Atlantic Ocean.
  7. Visitor Center: The site is equipped with a modern visitor center providing informative exhibits, audio guides, and facilities. It’s a great starting point for understanding the geological history of the area.
  8. Educational Experience: The Giant’s Causeway offers a unique learning experience about geology and the forces of nature. The site is an excellent destination for those interested in earth sciences.
  9. Northern Ireland’s Causeway Coast: The Giant’s Causeway is situated along the Causeway Coast, which boasts additional attractions such as Carrick-a-Rede Rope Bridge and Dunluce Castle, making it a comprehensive and captivating travel destination.
  10. Cultural and Historical Significance: Beyond its geological importance, the Giant’s Causeway is a symbol of Northern Ireland’s rich cultural and historical heritage, making it a must-visit destination for those interested in Irish history and folklore.

Whether you’re a nature lover, history enthusiast, or simply seeking a unique travel experience, the Giant’s Causeway offers a combination of natural beauty, cultural significance, and geological wonders that make it a compelling destination.

How to go to Giant's Causeway?

Getting to the Giant’s Causeway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Northern Ireland, can be done by various means. Here’s a general guide on how to reach the Giant’s Causeway:

By Car:

  1. From Belfast:
    • Take the M2 northbound, and then the A26 towards Ballymena.
    • Continue on the A26 and then take the A44 towards Ballycastle.
    • Follow the signs for the Giant’s Causeway.
  2. From Derry/Londonderry:
    • Take the A2 towards Coleraine.
    • At Coleraine, take the A29 and then the B146 towards Bushmills.
    • Follow the signs for the Giant’s Causeway.

By Public Transport:

  1. By Bus:
    • Bus services operate from Belfast and other major cities to towns like Coleraine or Ballycastle.
    • From Coleraine or Ballycastle, you can then take a local bus or taxi to the Giant’s Causeway.
  2. By Train:
    • There is no direct train to the Giant’s Causeway, but you can take a train to Coleraine.
    • From Coleraine, you can take a bus or taxi to the Giant’s Causeway.

Guided Tours:

  1. Organized Tours:
    • Various tour companies offer guided tours to the Giant’s Causeway from cities like Belfast or Dublin.
    • These tours often include transportation, a guide, and sometimes stops at other nearby attractions.

Practical Tips:

  • Parking: There is a visitor center at the Giant’s Causeway with parking facilities.
  • Visitor Center: The visitor center provides information, facilities, and a shuttle bus to the Causeway stones.
  • Shuttle Bus: A shuttle bus service runs between the visitor center and the Causeway stones, especially during peak times.

Before planning your trip, it’s advisable to check for any updates or changes in transportation options, and consider factors like weather conditions and the time of year. Always verify the latest information to ensure a smooth journey to the Giant’s Causeway.

Are there any halal food options near the Giant's Causeway?

The Giant’s Causeway, located in Northern Ireland, is a popular tourist destination known for its unique hexagonal basalt columns. While the area around the Giant’s Causeway may not have a wide variety of specifically halal food options, you can find some suitable alternatives. Here are a few suggestions:

Bring Your Own: Consider bringing your own halal snacks or meals if possible. This ensures that you have food that adheres to your dietary requirements.

Local Grocery Stores: Check for local grocery stores or supermarkets in nearby towns where you may find halal products, fresh fruits, and other suitable options.

Vegetarian or Seafood Options: Look for vegetarian or seafood options on the menu at local restaurants. Vegetarian dishes are often easier to find, and seafood is a common feature in many coastal areas.

Communication with Restaurants: Communicate with local restaurants and eateries to inquire about their menu options and whether they can accommodate halal dietary needs. Some places may be willing to customize dishes.

Larger Towns or Cities: If you are willing to travel a bit, consider visiting larger towns or cities in Northern Ireland where you may find a more diverse range of dining options, including those offering halal choices.

It’s always a good idea to plan ahead, do some research, and communicate with locals or restaurant staff to find the most suitable options for your dietary preferences near the Giant’s Causeway. Additionally, online resources such as travel forums or apps can provide insights into dining options that cater to specific dietary requirements.

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