Þingvellir National Park Iceland

Þingvellir National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site located in Iceland. It is a site of great natural beauty and historical importance, being the major legislative site of the ancient assembly of Iceland which dated back to the 10th century. The park features the spectacular landscape of a rift valley, including the spectacular Almannagjá gorge, a majestic lake, and imposing cliffs. It is also home to many rare and endemic species of plants and animals.

Þingvellir National Park Iceland

Þingvellir National Park Iceland Summary

  • Attraction: Þingvellir National Park
  • Country: Iceland
  • Continent: Europe
  • Capital Name: Reykjavík
  • Language: Icelandic
  • Currency: Icelandic Króna
  • Nationality: Icelandic

Tell us about Þingvellir National Park Iceland

Þingvellir National Park is a protected site in southwestern Iceland. Located in a rift valley between the North American and Eurasian continental plates, it was established as the world’s first national park in 1930. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that serves both as a natural and historical destination, featuring numerous geological features, a volcanic lake, and the site of Iceland’s first parliament, the Alþing.

Visitors can explore the area on numerous hiking trails, observe diverse wildlife, camp, go fishing, and snorkel in the Silfra Fissure.

What are the things to do in Þingvellir National Park Iceland?

Things to do in Þingvellir National Park Iceland are:

  1. Go Scuba Diving in Silfra Fissure: Silfra is a fissure between the North American and Eurasian continents, making it one of the most unique places in the world to go diving.
  2. Witness the Parliament Site: Visit the site of the world’s oldest existing parliament, established in 930 AD, where the Alþing general assembly was held each summer.
  3. Hike Through the Natural Wonders: Take one of the many trails and meander through a world of natural wonders, such as the Almannagjá gorge, the Þúfalháls ridge, and more.
  4. Take a Dip Underwater: Go for a swim in the crystal-clear waters of the Oxararfoss waterfall.
  5. Explore the Natural Geysers: Relax and take in the natural beauty of geothermal features like the Geysir and Strokkur geysers.
  6. Go Horseback Riding: Explore Þingvellir National Park and its spectacularly rugged landscape on the back of a horse.
  7. Cross the Bridge Between Continents: Visit the newly installed bridge that separates the continents and stands as a symbol of the unique geologic feature of the park.
  8. Visit the Numerous Waterfalls: Soak in the beauty of the falls such as Öxarárfoss, Faxi, and Göngujahver.
  9. Spot Wildlife: Keep an eye out for wildlife like the Arctic foxes, Bearded vultures, and the occasionally seen mink.
  10. Go Camping: Pitch a tent, build a campfire, and end the night under the stars, surrounded by some of the planet’s most stunning scenery.

What are the best foods at Þingvellir National Park Iceland?

The best foods at Þingvellir National Park Iceland are:

  1. Grilled salmon: Grilled salmon is a popular delicacy at Þingvellir National Park and is often served with a side of fresh vegetables and local potatoes.
  2. Icelandic lamb: Icelandic lamb is a popular dish at Þingvellir, either served as a stew or grilled to perfection.
  3. Reykjafiskur: Reykjafiskur is a traditional Icelandic fish dish that is steamed and stuffed with herring and herbs.
  4. Skyr: Skyr is an Icelandic dairy product similar to a thick yogurt that is often served with fresh berries or a sugar-topped meringue.
  5. Traditional sweets: Several traditional Icelandic sweets are available at Þingvellir National Park, including pönnukökur (pancakes) and kleinur (twists).

What are the best hotels to stay in Þingvellir National Park Iceland?

The best hotels in Þingvellir National Park Iceland are:

  1. Hótel Midgardur by Keahotels
  2. Hotel Grímsborgir
  3. Hotel Örk
  4. Ölfus House
  5. Hotel Skjálfandi
  6. Hotel Þingvallasel
  7. Hotel Nesjavellir
  8. Hotel Rangá
  9. Kjölur Apartments
  10. Fosshotel Nesjavellir

What is the next Iceland tourist destination?

After immersing in the wonders of Iceland, elevate your exploration with our curated guide to the next must-visit tourist destination. Click below to unveil the next chapter in your journey, where captivating landscapes, rich cultures, and extraordinary experiences await. Continue the adventure beyond with new destinations and experiences. Let the journey unfold and captivate your senses. Explore now!

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Frequently Asked Questions: Your Guide to Þingvellir National Park

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What are Þingvellir National Park's nearby must-visit attractions or landmarks?

Þingvellir National Park is located within the Golden Circle, a popular tourist route in Iceland that includes several other must-visit attractions and landmarks. Here are some nearby destinations you might consider exploring:

  1. Geysir Geothermal Area: Located approximately 50 kilometers east of Þingvellir, the Geysir Geothermal Area is home to the famous geysers, including the Great Geysir and Strokkur. Strokkur erupts more frequently, making it a captivating sight. The area also features hot springs and bubbling mud pots.
  2. Gullfoss Waterfall: Also part of the Golden Circle, Gullfoss is one of Iceland’s most iconic waterfalls. The Hvítá River plunges into a deep canyon, creating a spectacular two-tiered cascade. Gullfoss is about 10 kilometers from Geysir and is easily accessible from Þingvellir.
  3. Kerið Crater: Located about 30 kilometers from Þingvellir, Kerið is a volcanic crater lake with striking red volcanic rock formations. It’s a unique and visually stunning natural attraction.
  4. Friðheimar Tomato Farm: A greenhouse located near the Golden Circle, Friðheimar is known for cultivating tomatoes using geothermal energy. Visitors can tour the greenhouse, learn about tomato farming, and enjoy tomato-themed dishes at the on-site restaurant.
  5. Skálholt Historical Site: About 40 kilometers east of Þingvellir, Skálholt is a historic site with a cathedral dating back to the medieval period. It was once the center of religious and cultural activities in Iceland.
  6. Laugarvatn Fontana Geothermal Baths: Situated by the shores of Lake Laugarvatn, Fontana offers geothermal baths where visitors can relax and enjoy the therapeutic properties of the natural hot springs. It’s a perfect spot to unwind after exploring the nearby attractions.
  7. Thingvallavatn Lake: The largest natural lake in Iceland, Thingvallavatn is within Þingvellir National Park. The lake provides opportunities for scenic walks, fishing, and enjoying the tranquil surroundings.
  8. Bruarfoss Waterfall: While not as well-known as some other waterfalls, Bruarfoss is a hidden gem with its vibrant blue waters. It’s located a short drive from Þingvellir and requires a bit of a hike to reach, but the stunning scenery is worth the effort.

These nearby attractions complement the visit to Þingvellir National Park, offering a diverse range of natural wonders, historical sites, and cultural experiences within a relatively short driving distance.

Why should you visit Þingvellir National Park?

Þingvellir National Park, located in Iceland, is a UNESCO World Heritage site and holds historical, cultural, and geological significance, making it a unique and compelling destination. Here are some reasons why you should consider visiting Þingvellir National Park:

  1. Historical Significance: Þingvellir is the site of Iceland’s first parliamentary assembly, known as the Alþingi or Althing. Established in 930 AD, it is one of the oldest parliaments in the world. Walking through the park, you can explore the historic meeting place where early Icelandic settlers gathered to discuss laws, settle disputes, and make important decisions.
  2. Cultural Heritage: The park is deeply rooted in Icelandic culture and identity. Visiting Þingvellir allows you to connect with the country’s rich cultural heritage and appreciate the importance of this site in shaping Iceland’s history.
  3. Geological Marvels: The park is situated in a rift valley where the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates are gradually drifting apart. This unique geological setting provides an opportunity to witness the dramatic landscapes created by tectonic activity, including the Silfra Fissure, where you can snorkel or dive between the two continental plates in crystal-clear glacial water.
  4. Scenic Beauty: Þingvellir National Park boasts stunning natural beauty, including picturesque landscapes, cliffs, and a tranquil lake. The park is surrounded by lava fields, making it a visually captivating destination that showcases Iceland’s diverse and raw natural beauty.
  5. Outdoor Activities: The park offers a variety of outdoor activities, including hiking trails that lead you through the unique landscapes. The Öxarárfoss waterfall is another attraction within the park that adds to the scenic allure.
  6. Silfra Snorkeling: Silfra is a fissure filled with glacial water, providing an opportunity for snorkeling or diving in exceptionally clear waters. The underwater visibility is excellent, allowing you to witness the incredible rock formations below the surface.
  7. Wildlife and Flora: Þingvellir is home to diverse flora and fauna. Birdwatchers can enjoy spotting various bird species, and the park provides a habitat for several native plants. The unique environment supports a range of ecosystems, adding ecological interest to your visit.
  8. Accessibility: Located within the Golden Circle, Þingvellir is easily accessible from Reykjavik, making it a convenient day trip for those exploring Iceland’s popular tourist route.

Whether you’re interested in history, geology, outdoor activities, or simply enjoying breathtaking landscapes, Þingvellir National Park offers a multifaceted experience that makes it a must-visit destination in Iceland.

How to go to Þingvellir National Park?

Þingvellir National Park is located in southwestern Iceland, approximately 40 kilometers (25 miles) east of Reykjavik. Getting to Þingvellir is relatively straightforward, and you have several options for transportation:

By Car:

  1. From Reykjavik:

    • Drive east on Route 1 (also known as the Ring Road) from Reykjavik.

    • After approximately 40 kilometers, take the exit onto Route 36 (Þingvallavegur) towards Þingvellir National Park.

  2. Scenic Drive:

    • The drive from Reykjavik to Þingvellir offers beautiful scenery, including lava fields and mountains. It typically takes about 45 minutes to 1 hour, depending on road conditions and stops.

By Bus:

  1. Public Bus Services:

    • Public bus services operate from Reykjavik to Þingvellir National Park during the summer months. Bus schedules may vary, so it’s advisable to check the timetable in advance.

  2. Guided Tours:

    • Various tour companies offer guided tours to Þingvellir National Park as part of the Golden Circle route, which includes other popular attractions like Geysir and Gullfoss.

By Private Tours and Transfers:

  1. Private Tours:

    • Private tours are available, allowing for a more personalized experience. Many tour operators in Reykjavik offer private tours to Þingvellir National Park.

  2. Car Rentals:

    • Renting a car is a popular option for travelers who prefer flexibility and independence. Numerous car rental agencies operate in Reykjavik, and you can pick up your rental vehicle and drive to Þingvellir.


  1. Seasonal Access:

    • Þingvellir National Park is accessible year-round. However, road conditions may vary, and some routes could be challenging during the winter months. Check for any road closures or travel advisories.

  2. Entrance Fee:

    • While entry to Þingvellir National Park itself is free, there may be charges for parking. It’s recommended to check the park’s official website for the latest information on fees.

  3. Scenic Stops:

    • Along the way, you may want to make stops at other attractions like the Geysir geothermal area and the Gullfoss waterfall, both of which are often part of the Golden Circle route.

  4. Accommodations:

    • If you plan to spend more time in the area, there are accommodations available near Þingvellir National Park. Booking in advance is advisable, especially during the high tourist season.

Ensure you check weather and road conditions, especially if you are driving, and plan accordingly. Þingvellir National Park is known for its historical and geological significance, making it a must-visit destination in Iceland.

Are there any halal food options around the Þingvellir National Park?

Finding specific halal food options around Þingvellir National Park in Iceland can be challenging due to the remote nature of the park and the limited dining facilities in the immediate vicinity. However, there are some strategies you can employ to ensure you have suitable food options during your visit:

  1. Bring Your Own Food: Consider bringing your own halal snacks and meals. Pack items that are easy to carry, non-perishable, and align with your dietary preferences. This is especially important if you plan to spend an extended period exploring the park.
  2. Check Larger Towns: Before heading to Þingvellir, you can explore larger towns or cities on your way, such as Reykjavik or Selfoss. These locations may have grocery stores where you can purchase halal ingredients or ready-made halal meals.
  3. Prepare in Advance: Plan your meals in advance and pack a picnic with halal-friendly options. Þingvellir National Park has several designated picnic areas, providing you with an opportunity to enjoy your own food amidst the natural beauty.
  4. Contact Accommodations: If you are staying in nearby accommodations, such as guesthouses or hotels, inquire whether they can accommodate specific dietary needs. Some accommodations may have kitchen facilities, allowing you to prepare your own meals.
  5. Online Resources: Utilize online resources and travel forums to check for any updates on halal food options in the area. Travelers often share their experiences and recommendations, which can be valuable in finding suitable food options.

While Þingvellir National Park itself may not have dedicated halal food options, the nearby towns and accommodations may offer more diverse dining choices. It’s essential to plan ahead, especially considering the limited availability of dining facilities in the immediate park area.

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