Abu Simbel Temples in Aswan, Egypt: Statues of Ramses

Uncover the majesty of Abu Simbel Temples, Egypt’s ancient wonders. Marvel at colossal statues and intricate carvings that echo tales of pharaohs. Immerse yourself in a journey through time. Delve into more captivating details.

The Abu Simbel Temples are two massive rock temples in Aswan, Egypt, built by the Pharaoh Ramses II around 1264 BC. The two temples feature large statues of Ramses and various Egyptian gods, standing guard over the entrance. They are considered to be one of the greatest examples of ancient Egyptian architecture and have become a popular tourist attraction.

Abu Simbel Temples Aswan Egypt Statues of Ramses

Abu Simbel Temples Aswan Egypt Statues of Ramses Summary

  • Attraction Name: Abu Simbel Temples Aswan
  • Country: Egypt
  • Continent: African
  • Capital Name: Cairo
  • Language: Arabic
  • Currency: Egyptian Pound
  • Nationality: Egyptian

Tell us about the Abu Simbel Temples in Aswan, Egypt

The Abu Simbel Temples are two uniquely magnificent monuments seeped in history and culture located in the city of Aswan, Egypt. Built by the great pharaoh Ramses II in the 13th century, the temples have stood undamaged through multiple wars and natural disasters. The Great Temple at Abu Simbel is dedicated to the four universal gods Ptah, Re-Horakhty, Amun-Re, and Ramses II as well as to the goddess Hathor.

Notable features include four, 20-meter-tall statues of Ramses himself at the outer entrance, as well as intricate wall paintings with scenes of the ancient pharaoh’s triumphs. The Small Temple, dedicated to Ramses’ beloved queen Nefertari, may not be as grand, but its entrance boasts scenes of loyalty and love. The temples were relocated in 1963 to avoid their destruction due to the construction of a dam on the Nile, as part of the UNESCO Nubian Campaign. Today, Abu Simbel Temples remain a major tourist attraction and a reminder of the great Egyptian civilization.

What are the things to do in Abu Simbel Temples, Aswan Egypt?

The Abu Simbel Temples in Aswan, Egypt are an incredible sight to behold. Built in the 13th century BC, the two temples were sculpted into the cliffs of the Nubian desert by Pharaoh Ramesses II. Today, they remain a testament to the grandeur and power of the ancient Egyptians. A visit to the Abu Simbel Temples offers visitors the chance to take a step back in time and witness some of the greatest architectural achievements of the ancient world.

The first site to visit is the Great Temple, which consists of four colossal statues of Ramses II, standing guard of the temple entrance. Tourists can marvel at the exquisitely detailed sculptures inside, which depict the Pharaoh with his family, and the gods Amun, Horus and Ra-Harakhte. The reliefs on the walls also illustrate stories from Ramses II’s military campaigns. The inside of the temple contains a chamber dedicated to the gods Osiris, Isis and Horus, and also a crypt for the King’s body.

Continuing the tour, visitors will then make their way to the Small Temple. This structure is dedicated to the goddess Hathor, and consists of two statues of the Pharaoh flanked by statues of the goddesses Nefertari and Hathor. With its towering sandstone walls and elegant pillars, the Small Temple promises a unique aura of peace and serenity.

No visit to the Abu Simbel Temples would be complete without exploring the grounds surrounding the two sites. Here, visitors can enjoy the views of Lake Nasser and the Nubian Desert as they wander through the vibrant colours of the rock walls, revealing thousands of years of history. There is also a small museum on-site, which contains artefacts and valuable items discovered within the temples.

Visiting the magnificent Abu Simbel Temples is truly a memorable experience. Not only do tourists get the chance to admire the grandeur of Egypt’s ancient architecture, but also get to learn about the history and culture of one of the most influential civilisations in the world.

What are the best foods at Abu Simbel Temples in Aswan, Egypt?

The best foods at Abu Simbel Temples are:

  1. Grilled fish – Abu Simbel’s traditional preparation of grilled fish has become a regional favorite.
  2. Lentils – Lentils are a staple in the local cuisine, often served as a side dish or in stews.
  3. Shakshuka – Shakshuka is a local dish made with eggs and tomatoes.
  4. Bamia – Bamia is a stew-like dish made with lamb, okra, and tomatoes.
  5. Fattah – Fattah is a traditional dish made with rice and beef.
  6. Kushari – Kushari is a local favorite made with rice, pasta, and lentils.
  7. Ful Medames – Ful Medames is a tasty dish made with fava beans.
  8. Kebab – Kebab is a popular dish made with grilled, spiced meats served with a salad.
  9. Ful Mudammas – Ful Mudammas is a favorite appetizer made with fava beans, garlic, and lemon juice.
  10. Om Ali – Om Ali is a dessert made with angel hair pasta, cream, and nuts.

What are the best hotels to stay at near Abu Simbel Temples in Aswan, Egypt?

The best hotels to stay at near Abu Simbel Temples are:

  1. Temple View Hotel
  2. Hotel Ramada
  3. Lake Nasser Cruise Hotel
  4. Sun City Abu Simbel Resort
  5. Abu Simbel Hotel & Resort
  6. Abu Simbel Palace Hotel
  7. New Abu Simbel Hotel
  8. Hotel Oasis
  9. Grand Abu Simbel Hotel
  10. Royal View Hotel

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Frequently Asked Questions: Your Guide to Abu Simbel Temples

Explore the Latest Destination Attraction with ease through our comprehensive Frequently Asked Questions guide. Discover insightful answers to common queries, providing a seamless experience. Your journey begins with clarity and confidence as we address uncertainties and offer essential information. Let this guide enhance your adventure, ensuring you make the most of the latest destination attraction, leaving no question unanswered.

What are Abu Simbel's must-visit attractions or landmarks?

The primary attractions in Abu Simbel are the two magnificent temples carved into the rock cliffs during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II. Here are the must-visit attractions at Abu Simbel:

  1. Great Temple of Ramesses II: The colossal Great Temple is dedicated to Pharaoh Ramesses II and various gods, including Ra-Harakhty, Amun, and Ptah. The facade features four seated statues of Ramesses II, each reaching 20 meters in height.
  2. Temple of Hathor and Nefertari: This smaller but equally impressive temple is dedicated to Queen Nefertari and the goddess Hathor. The facade displays six statues, four of Ramesses II and two of Nefertari.
  3. Inner Chambers and Sanctuaries: Explore the inner chambers of both temples, adorned with intricate carvings depicting religious scenes, battles, and offerings to the gods. The sanctuaries hold statues of the deities.
  4. Sun Festival: If visiting around February 22 or October 22, experience the Sun Festival when sunlight penetrates the temple’s inner sanctuary and illuminates the statues of the gods, including Ra-Harakhty.
  5. Statues of the Pharaoh: Admire the colossal statues of Pharaoh Ramesses II seated on the throne, showcasing detailed craftsmanship and symbolism. The statues depict the pharaoh’s authority and divine connection.
  6. Lake Nasser Scenery: Take in the scenic views of Lake Nasser, the artificial lake created by the construction of the High Dam. The temples overlook the lake, providing a picturesque backdrop.
  7. Sound and Light Show: Attend the evening Sound and Light Show for a dramatic retelling of the history of Abu Simbel. The temples are illuminated, creating a mesmerizing atmosphere.
  8. Visitor Center and Museum: Explore the Visitor Center and on-site museum, where exhibits provide additional information about the construction and relocation of the temples in the 1960s.
  9. Ancient Egyptian Quarry: Visit the nearby ancient quarry, known as the Northern Quarry, where some of the stone used in the construction of the temples was extracted.

Abu Simbel’s temples are not only architectural marvels but also hold immense historical and cultural significance, making every part of the site worth exploring. The site’s remote location and the story of its rescue during the construction of the Aswan High Dam add to its allure.

Is Abu Simbel Temples a suitable travel destination for solo adventurers, honeymooning couples, or those traveling with families?

Abu Simbel Temples can be a suitable travel destination for various types of travelers, including solo adventurers, honeymooning couples, and families. Here’s a breakdown of why each group might find Abu Simbel appealing:

  1. Solo Adventurers:
    • Historical Exploration: Solo adventurers interested in history and archaeology will find Abu Simbel captivating. The temples are a testament to ancient Egyptian civilization, offering a unique and immersive historical experience.
    • Photography Opportunities: The colossal statues and intricate carvings provide excellent opportunities for solo photographers to capture the grandeur of the temples.
  2. Honeymooning Couples:
    • Romantic Setting: Abu Simbel’s awe-inspiring temples and the scenic backdrop of Lake Nasser create a romantic atmosphere. Couples can enjoy exploring the historical site together.
    • Sun Festival Experience: Timing a visit during the Sun Festival, when sunlight illuminates the inner sanctuary, can be a special and romantic experience for couples.
  3. Families:
    • Educational Experience: Families with children can turn the visit into an educational experience, introducing them to ancient Egyptian history and culture.
    • Cultural Exposure: Exposing children to historical wonders like Abu Simbel can be enriching, fostering an appreciation for different cultures and civilizations.
  4. Guided Tours for All:
    • Educational Tours: Guided tours are available, providing valuable insights for all types of travelers. Guides can enhance the experience by sharing historical and cultural information.
  5. Logistical Considerations:
    • Remote Location: Abu Simbel is in a remote location, so travelers should consider logistics and plan their trip well. Flights are available from major cities like Cairo and Aswan.
    • Climate Awareness: Travelers should be mindful of the hot desert climate, especially during the summer months, and plan activities accordingly.

Whether you’re a solo traveler seeking historical exploration, a couple looking for a romantic setting, or a family interested in cultural experiences, Abu Simbel offers a unique and significant destination. It’s advisable to plan the trip based on individual preferences, interests, and the logistical considerations of traveling to a remote historical site.

What's the climate like in Abu Simbel?

The climate in Abu Simbel, where the famous temples are located, is characterized by its desert conditions. Here’s an overview of the climate in Abu Simbel:

  1. Hot Desert Climate: Abu Simbel experiences a hot desert climate, also known as a desert climate or arid climate. This means that the region is typically hot and dry throughout the year.
  2. Hot Summers: Summers in Abu Simbel, which typically span from May to September, are extremely hot with scorching temperatures. Daytime temperatures often exceed 40°C (104°F), and temperatures can be even higher during heatwaves.
  3. Mild Winters: Winters in Abu Simbel, from November to February, are milder but still warm. Daytime temperatures range from 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F), making it a more comfortable time to visit compared to the scorching summer months.
  4. Limited Precipitation: Abu Simbel receives very little rainfall throughout the year. Rainfall is minimal, and the region is considered one of the driest places on Earth.
  5. Sunny Days: The region enjoys abundant sunshine year-round, with clear skies and sunny days being the norm. This makes it an ideal destination for sun-seeking travelers.
  6. Extreme Temperature Variations: Abu Simbel experiences significant temperature variations between day and night, with daytime temperatures being hot and nighttime temperatures dropping considerably. Travelers should be prepared for these fluctuations, especially if visiting during the cooler months.

When planning a visit to Abu Simbel, it’s important to consider the climate and pack appropriate clothing, sunscreen, and plenty of water to stay hydrated, especially during the hot summer months. Additionally, it’s advisable to plan outdoor activities during the cooler hours of the day to avoid the extreme heat.

Why should you visit Abu Simbel Temples?

Visiting the Abu Simbel Temples is a remarkable experience, and there are several compelling reasons to explore this historical site in southern Egypt:

  1. Architectural Marvel:Abu Simbel is renowned for its impressive rock-cut temples, especially the Great Temple of Ramesses II. The temples showcase ancient Egyptian architectural expertise and grandeur.
  2. Historical Significance: Built during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th century BCE, the temples have immense historical importance, commemorating the victory at the Battle of Kadesh and honoring the pharaoh and his queen, Nefertari.
  3. Iconic Statues: The Great Temple features colossal statues of Pharaoh Ramesses II seated on the throne, with smaller statues of family members. The intricate details of the statues and carvings are awe-inspiring.
  4. Sun Festival: Twice a year, on February 22 and October 22, sunlight penetrates the temple’s inner sanctuary and illuminates the statues of the gods, including the sun god Ra. This event attracts tourists and photographers from around the world.
  5. Engineering Feat: The relocation of the temples in the 1960s to save them from submersion in Lake Nasser showcases an incredible engineering achievement. The entire complex was dismantled and reassembled in a higher location.
  6. Lake Nasser Scenery: The temples overlook Lake Nasser, providing a stunning backdrop. Visitors can enjoy the tranquil scenery and take boat trips on the lake.
  7. Cultural Insight: Exploring Abu Simbel offers insights into ancient Egyptian religion, mythology, and the significance of temples in their society. The intricate carvings depict various aspects of religious beliefs.
  8. UNESCO World Heritage Site: Abu Simbel is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, recognized for its cultural and historical significance. It is one of Egypt’s most iconic landmarks.
  9. Nefertari’s Temple: The smaller temple is dedicated to Queen Nefertari, showcasing the significance of royal women in ancient Egypt. It features elegant statues and carvings.
  10. Unique Sound and Light Show: Some visitors opt to attend the Sound and Light Show at Abu Simbel in the evening, where the temples are illuminated, and narrations provide a dramatic retelling of the site’s history.

Visiting Abu Simbel allows travelers to step back in time and witness the splendor of ancient Egypt, making it a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts, cultural explorers, and anyone intrigued by the wonders of the past.

How to go to Abu Simbel Temples?

Abu Simbel Temples are located in the southern part of Egypt, near Lake Nasser. The temples are a UNESCO World Heritage Site and are known for their historical and cultural significance. Here’s how you can reach Abu Simbel:

By Air:

  1. Flights from Cairo: The most common way to reach Abu Simbel is by taking a domestic flight from Cairo International Airport to Abu Simbel Airport. The flight duration is approximately two hours.
  2. Flights from Aswan: Another option is to fly from Aswan International Airport to the site. Flights are shorter, taking around 30-40 minutes.

By Road:

  1. From Aswan: If you prefer overland travel, you can take a road trip from Aswan to Abu Simbel. The distance is around 280 kilometers (175 miles), and the journey takes approximately 3 to 4 hours by car or bus.
  2. Organized Tours: Many visitors opt for organized tours that include transportation by bus or minivan from Aswan to Abu Simbel. These tours often include guided visits to the temples.


  • Travelers are advised to check the current transportation options and schedules, as they may vary.
  • Consider guided tours or travel packages that include transportation, especially if you’re not familiar with the region.
  • The temples are situated near the border with Sudan, so it’s essential to have the necessary permits and comply with travel regulations.

Whether by air or road, the journey to Abu Simbel offers a chance to witness the breathtaking temples constructed during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II.

Are there any halal food options around the Abu Simbel Temples?

Given the remote location of Abu Simbel Temples in southern Egypt, options for halal food directly around the temples may be limited. However, some tours or organized visits to this site may include meals or provide information about nearby dining options.

It’s advisable to plan ahead and bring snacks or consider arranging meals through a guided tour if you’re visiting Abu Simbel. Additionally, you can inquire with local guides or residents about any available halal food options in the vicinity. Keep in mind that amenities around archaeological sites or remote areas may be more limited compared to urban areas.

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